What is Blepharitis?

Blepharitis is a common and persistent inflammation of the eyelids. There are several types of blepharitis most of are caused by bacterial infection; however, allergies, toxins or viral infections can also lead to its development.(1)

What are the Symptoms?

Commonly, your eyelid margins are red with scales and flakes apparent at the base of the lashes. There may be irritation or the sensation of a foreign body in your eye, with redness, burning and itching of the eyelid margin. Upon awakening in the morning, your eyelids may feel sticky with crusted scales and debris caused by an oily discharge from the eyelid glands. Untreated, these glands may become plugged and infected, potentially leading to recurrent styes, dry eye syndrome and loss of lashes.


How is it Cured?

Blepharitis is usually a chronic condition for which there is no known cure. However, early diagnosis and proper treatment is key to controlling the symptoms and to prevent worsening of the condition.

What is the Treatment?

Treatment requires a program of daily eyelid hygiene which usually includes:

  • Warm compresses applied directly to the eyelid margins to help loosen the debris on the lashes.
  • Thorough eyelid cleansing with a pre-moistened towelette or eyelid cleanser saturated gauze pad to help remove debris, crust and toxic products from the lid margin.
  • Application of an antibiotic ointment to control the bacterial component of blepharitis.
  • Application of ocular lubricants may also be used to relieve any symptoms associated with dry eye syndrome.

It's important to know that in some cases, it may take up to eight weeks to notice an improvement. Ongoing lid hygiene is often necessary to keep the condition under control.

Sources: (1) Alcon Canada